Flooring design plays an important role in improving the overall look of the house. As city apartments become more and more compact, it is essential to consider factors such as cost, durability, aesthetics and ease of maintenance when selecting flooring. Since there are a wide variety of flooring options, use this guide to make the best choice.
Vitrified tiles are strong, durable, non-porous and stain resistant. They are available as single tiles or in designs that replicate the natural grain patterns of marble. Different types of vitrified tiles include:
- Double-charged vitrified made by combining two color pigments.
- Full body vitrified tiles with uniform color throughout the tile
- Soluble salt glazed tiles that feature striking tile patterns and
- Vitrified glazed body tiles available in an extra gloss finish
Ceramic and porcelain tiles
Ceramic and porcelain bonds are one of the most popular tiling options for city apartments. These are available as large format and small format tiles in a variety of colors, patterns and textures. Although both of these tiles are made with clay and are easy to maintain, porcelain tiles are comparatively stronger and denser than ceramic tiles.
- It is strongly recommended to opt for group 4 or group 5 ceramic tiles which are suitable for light and moderate traffic.
- The different types of porcelain tiles include unglazed, glazed, seamless or rectified tiles and digital tiles.
Natural stone adds an element of warmth and lots of texture to home decor. The different types of natural stone materials include granite, marble, sandstone and limestone which are available as slabs or floor tiles. A downside is that natural stone is very heavy and a porous material that needs to be sealed periodically.
Infuse an element of warmth with the installation of hardwood floors in different varieties of wood like oak, cherry, maple, mahogany and walnut. This type of flooring is durable and available in planks and parquet. It is essential to use dry wood for the hardwood floor, otherwise the floor can retain moisture and attract termites.
Laminate flooring is a multi-layered synthetic material that provides an affordable alternative to hardwood flooring. This type of flooring is lightweight, stain resistant and available in a wide range of designs. Laminate wood flooring can be installed over existing flooring, but once the flooring is damaged, it cannot be repaired.
Bamboo is a highly durable material and is available as floorboards. Bamboo is water, stain and mildew resistant.
Vinyl flooring is a resilient flooring material with a soft underfoot. It is stain resistant, water resistant and available in planks, sheets and tiles. Vinyl flooring can be installed directly over existing tiles and is an affordable way to improve the look of worn flooring. However, the downside of using vinyl flooring is that it can fade in the presence of sunlight and tends to ignite.
For a vintage look, consider cement tiles or encaustic tiles that come in bold, traditional designs. These are durable and very porous, so they must be sealed periodically.